The spectrophotometer is an instrument used by spectrophotometry to measure the amount of light intensity absorbed after passing through a sample solution. There are several types of spectrophotometers. These are grouped according to the type of sample analyzed; there are atomic absorption and molecular absorption
This instrument has the ability to project a beam of monochromatic light through a sample and measure the amount of light that is absorbed by that sample. This allows the operator to perform two functions, one of which is to provide information about the nature of the substance in the sample and the other is to indirectly indicate how much of the substance of interest is present in the sample.
Spectrophotometers are color measurement devices used to capture and evaluate color. As part of a color control program, brand owners and designers use them to specify and communicate color, and manufacturers use them to monitor color accuracy throughout production.