What are the functions of an anesthetic machine?

This machine is undoubtedly an indispensable equipment in health care centers, clinics and hospitals, mainly in areas of surgery and patient recovery, thanks to technological advances these anesthesia machines offer safety to patients, is used in most procedures that need to administer anesthetic gases to patients, in addition to carrying a monitored control of breathing and stable condition during the medical process.

This workstation has a complex structure of multiple components, such as vaporizers, fans, breathing systems, scanning systems and monitors, which are integrated are required for the process of general anesthesia, is also able to perform other processes if you integrate extra elements such as administration of drugs, suction equipment and data management, although all these components make it a complex machine, its function is quite simple.

Anesthesia machine functions

The functions of the anesthesia machine are quite simple, besides this equipment is directly related to surgical operative processes, but we can list some of its functions:

  1. Administer anesthesia.
  2. Control your depth.
  3. Manage the patient’s breathing completely.
  4. Monitor all respiratory variables.
  5. Monitor their own performance.
  6. To incorporate other forms of monitoring of various parameters necessary to control during general anesthesia: hemodynamics, temperature, neuromuscular transmission, EEG, among others.

At the current times due to the emergence of COVID-19, anesthesia machines have received another use, approved by the FDA, and is to use these anesthesia equipment as ICU (Intensive Care Unit) fans, but it is recommended to return to the original use of these units as soon as possible to prevent malfunction and prevent patient risk to acceptable levels, preventing their malfunction.

Main characteristics of anesthesia machines

Because these devices must ensure delivery of an exact amount of gas in order not to compromise the health of the patient, we must choose an anesthesia machine, which satisfactorily covers most of its functions such as the ability to monitor the condition of the patient and fully ensure the functionality of general anesthesia, so that an anesthesia machine must have the following main characteristics:

  • A source of O2 (dioxygen or oxygen gas) and a form of CO2 removal.
  • A source of liquid or gas for anesthesia.
  • An inhalation system (cylinders, yokes, valves, flow meters, pressure gages and so on).

Advantages of using KALSTEIN anesthesia machines

Our products have the advantage that they are designed in the best materials, high quality, in this case the KALSTEIN YR anesthesia machine, provides an affordable and flexible anesthesia solution for now and for the future; use can start with a routine application, however, it can be updated to better meet the anesthetic requirements of patients. It is also feasible in modern KALSTEIN anesthesia stations to expand this equipment to greatly improve workflow and reduce operating costs.

Among the functionality advantages of these YR KALSTEIN machines, we should mention some features that favor their use such as:

  • The anesthesia machine offers electronic PEEP function.
  • It has automatic tidal volume compensation.
  • It provides a high accuracy output of only 20 mL.
  • The anesthesia machine uses latex-free and self-claving components.
  • It can be easily maintained and cleaned without specialized tools.
  • It is CE certified, providing peace of mind for users.

In general applications of YR anesthesia machines can be used for the administration of inhalational anesthesia in adult, pediatric and neonatal patients, more informationย HERE

How an anesthetic machine works

As described above, the anesthesia machine is primarily used to supply anesthetic sera to the patient, then the machine receives medicinal gas and accurately distributes the flow and pressure of each gas according to the patient’s needs, therefore, if a patient needs a high concentration of certain gas, this need can also be adapted to the operation of the machine.

Another function of the anesthesia machine is that it works to monitor the patient’s vital signs and works on any function that the patient cannot perform due to general anesthesia, functions such as breathing, since the diaphragm and chest muscles are completely relaxed under the effects of anesthesia; then a positive pressure gradient is introduced into the patient’s lungs, along with oxygenated air, and then it allows the carbon dioxide to escape, thus they can also become ventilators. But their function goes beyond simply contracting and expanding the chest cavity.

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