There is currently no country or region in the world that has not experienced the dramatic effects of climate change. Greenhouse gas emissions have increased considerably over the past 100 years, leading to an accelerated increase in global warming, which in turn has led to permanent changes in the climate system, the consequences of which may become irreversible if the necessary measures are not taken now.
CO2 is a colorless, odorless gas composed of oxygen and carbon. The increase in excessive emissions of this gas today are one of the main causes of global warming.
Many researchers point out that if CO2 emission levels to the atmosphere are not reduced, multiple global risks and impacts are expected for the Earth, which will bring catastrophic consequences. Such as crop collapse, decreased drinking water, sea level rise, disappearance of entire ecosystems, increased droughts, hurricanes and mass migrations due to climate change.
A growing coalition of countries, cities, industries and other institutions have committed to net zero CO2 emissions. Around 70 countries, including China, the United States and the European Union, have set a target of net zero covering around 76% of global CO2 emissions. Approximately 1,200 companies have set targets in line with net zero emissions, and more than 1,000 cities, more than 1,000 educational institutions and more than 400 banking institutions have joined this campaign.
The transition to a world with zero emissions represents one of the greatest challenges facing humanity, because it requires a complete transformation of how to produce, consume and move.
The goal of the zero CO2 emission plan
The key objective of this project is to reduce 50 per cent of total greenhouse gas emissions in absolute terms by 2030, through the use of renewable energy sources, improvements in energy efficiency and emission reductions. With political will and the deployment of a range of technological measures, it would be possible to limit the increase in global average temperature to 2°C above pre-industrial levels, targeting 1.5°C, and to achieve this urgent joint action is needed.
It is important to note that currently about three quarters of CO2 emissions are generated by the energy sector and this holds the key to avoiding the terrible consequences of climate change. The replacement of energy production by coal, oil or gas with renewable energy sources, such as wind or solar energy, is extremely essential, as this would significantly reduce CO2 emissions.
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