The refrigerator in a laboratory is one of the most important equipment. Its function is to maintain, in a controlled environment (refrigerated space), various fluids and substances, so that they are kept in good condition the lower the temperature, the lower chemical and biological activity. To achieve this it is required that the internal temperature of the refrigerator be lower than the ambient temperature.
What are the uses of this equipment?
Although it can be simple to identify, the laboratory refrigerator has the main function of properly conserving any type of substance, either liquid or homogeneous, so that, when performing the analyzes, they generate the results correct.
These laboratory elements, which contribute greatly to the management and conservation of substances, must be taken as essential and vital in any laboratory, however small it may be.
You must remember, that the main element for this to work is the low temperature, therefore, you must know, which is adequate for what you want to keep, do it efficiently.
What special features does a laboratory refrigerator have?
It is important that you know how a laboratory refrigerator is composed, in this way, you will be able to identify each of its functions, parts and elements, getting you to fully familiarize yourself with its use.
The laboratory refrigerator is constituted by an evaporator, you can also observe a conservation cabinet where you can place each of the substances or samples and, finally, the thermostat that allows you to control the temperature and the cooling system.
Usually, the evaporator can be found on the top of the refrigerator cabinet, to know that the refrigerator is in use, it determines that the evaporator is below 0 ° C, even if you are not alarmed if it reaches temperatures of 5 ° C to 30 ° C.
In another sense, the cabinet has a space under the evaporator, where you can place shelves for the storage of samples or substances. Generally, the laboratory refrigerator has an appearance similar to that of a domestic one, therefore, it will not be so complex to identify it and know what its function is.
What should you consider for the proper functioning of your laboratory refrigerator?
Each of the refrigerators that you will find in a laboratory, have great importance. Thanks to them, you can preserve substances of biological origin and reagent. In this way, the analyzes and studies that will be carried out will be optimal.
It is important to note that, for the best functioning of the refrigerators, it is necessary that they be located in a cool and ventilated environment. At least there must be a window in order to avoid heating the area.
Remember that the chemical and biological activity of the substances, increases considerably with the temperature, therefore, keeping the samples preserved is vital for any laboratory, otherwise the samples would alter their properties and will decompose.
The refrigeration technique is produced through a phenomenon that has to do with heat transfer physics, can be given by compression or absorption. The compressor refrigerator is usually used in places where electricity is constant, while the absorption refrigerator is used when there is no electricity.
The instruments or equipment found within a laboratory, have a vital function for each of the processes, in fact, they are essential for the proper functioning of a laboratory.
When installing a laboratory refrigerator in your spaces, you need to follow a series of recommendations; in order to properly maintain your equipment. My main recommendation is that you keep it completely away from any sunbeam, in this way its operation will be the most optimal.
Additionally, you must place it at a minimum of 15 centimeters from the wall, this also favors air circulation, so you guarantee that its useful life will last as long as possible.