Newborns are the most vulnerable beings in the world and it is vital for health professionals to monitor their clinical parameters to ensure their well-being and health. Especially when it comes to premature babies, who are born with less immune defenses than a full-term baby, it is crucial that they have adequate monitoring to ensure their optimal development.
Usefulness and benefits that the incubator brings to newborns and treating physicians
An incubator is medical equipment used to provide a warm environment for premature newborns to increase their chances of survival; but it is also vital for monitoring clinical parameters, such as temperature, oxygen saturation, blood pH, heart rate and respiratory rate.
This ensures the quality of the newborn’s clinical care and safety; a newborn housed in an incubator normally has warm skin, which is monitored by continuous body temperature measurement, the optimal temperature for newborns is maintained between 36.5 and 37.5 ° C.
Monitoring and control of newborns by incubator specialists
Temperature monitoring is carried out with infrared heat sensors and the data obtained is recorded on a central data monitor; this allows the medical team to see the temperature levels in real time to detect any deviation quickly. In addition, monitoring oxygen saturation is a vital part of maintaining newborn safety in an incubator, this is done by an oxygen saturation sensor mounted in the incubator.
The baby should be closely monitored to avoid major complications
Thus, the sensor provides an accurate result to the caregiver, who can then respond quickly to any change in oxygen saturation in the baby; the care team is also alerted if oxygen saturation falls below the optimal range.
Another parameter to be monitored is the blood pH value (acid-base), this is measured by two key parameters – the pH value and the heartbeat base; an optimal pH value is between 7.35 and 7.45, this is directly related to the patient’s resuscitation time.
The health of the newborn’s relatives should be guaranteed by optimizing the monitoring of the newborn
This can be achieved by using an arterial monitoring system; the system consists of an arterial cannula, a catheter and a data monitor that detects any change in the pH value. Monitoring vital signs (blood pressure, breathing, heart rate) is another essential element to ensure the newborn’s health, this can be achieved by placing sensors in the crib where the baby is lodged.
Monitoring of temperature, oxygen saturation, blood pH, and vital signs should be involved to ensure that the neonate has the best medical care
These sensors transmit each of the vital signs to the data monitor with a reading interval of 5 minutes, even when the baby is out of the incubator, a patient signal monitor is placed around your body to ensure that every healthy transition is carried out smoothly. In conclusion, the monitoring of the clinical parameters of newborns is an important step to ensure their health and well-being, this is essential for premature babies housed in incubators.
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