The 2019 Atlantic hurricane season is a current event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. The season officially began on June 1 and will end on November 30, 2019. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the North Atlantic Ocean. However, tropical cyclogenesis is possible at any time of the year, as evidenced by the formation of the subtropical storm Andrea on May 20, marking the fifth consecutive year in which a tropical or subtropical cyclone developed before the official start it’s from the season. Covered areas include the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
The US National Weather Service defines a hurricane as a “tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 120 kms / h (64 knots) or more”.
Hurricanes are classified according to the intensity of the winds sustained on the wind scale of Hurricane Saffir-Simpson. The scale from 1 to 5 estimates the potential damage to the property. A category 3 or higher is considered an important hurricane.
The National Hurricane Center reports on how to prepare:
• A hurricane alert indicates the possibility that a region may experience hurricane conditions within 48 hours.
• A hurricane warning indicates that sustained winds of at least 120 kilometers per hour are expected over a period of 36 hours.
Hurricane names are obtained from six rotating lists maintained and updated by the World Meteorological Organization. The names of the storms are removed only when those storms are particularly deadly or expensive.
• April 4, 2019 – The Tropical Meteorology Project team at Colorado State University predicts a hurricane season in the Atlantic slightly below average. The team forecasts 13 named storms and five hurricanes.
• May 2019: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) published its forecast of hurricanes in the Atlantic in 2019.
• August 2019: NOAA is scheduled to publish an update of its Atlantic hurricane forecast in 2019.
In this 2019 the natural phenomena will have the following names: “Andrea”, “Barry”, “Chantal”, “Dorian”, “Fernand”, “Gabrielle”, “Humberto”, “Imelda”, “Jerry”, “Karen” , “Lorenzo”, “Melissa”, “Néstor”, “Olga”, “Pablo”, “Rebekah”, “Sebastien”, “Tanya”, “Van” and “Wendy”.
Some of the Civil Protection recommendations are to protect glass with cross-shaped adhesive tapes, clean roofs, drains, canals and gutters, store food and drinking water, and always have emergency items on hand such as lamps and radios.